victorian house characteristics

"Painted Ladies" in San Francisco. What makes a Victorian house Victorian? Some also have stained glass as a … Some of the characteristics most common to a Folk Victorian house are decorative detailing on the porches and cornice line, spindled or square beamed porch supports, lacy spandrels, jig-saw cut balustrades, simply trimmed windows and ornamental gables. Queen Anne is possibly the most extravagant Victorian architectural style and is often recognized for its elaborate and bright color schemes. One of the most prominent examples of the style can be seen at Philadelphia City Hall, which features a crested mansard roof, dormers with decorative hoods and heavily ornate window surrounds. They were often close to other Victorian homes, usually near the center of town. The Octagon style house is the world’s only 8-sided Victorian house design with the benefits of being a practical and energy efficient property. If a Victorian property has three stories, the third floor would be a small attic or dormer-style loft. For over 200 years, the dollhouse- like exteriors, intricate trims and vibrant colors of Victorian houses have been catching the eyes of potential buyers and causing millions of us to re-think our housing budgets. Article first published on Houzz. That includes society, daily life, scientific progress and both positive and negative characteristics. Today, intricate brackets, spindles and fancy ornaments are all emblematic of Victorian era architecture. In the last half of the 19th Century, a new movement began to sweep America that transformed the nation’s interior and exteriors. The reform of the nation’s interiors soon spread to its exteriors; influenced by the fancy detailing, geometric lines, modest curves and light carvings of the popular new furniture, architects began to adopt the same style in their designs, turning away from the heavier, highly elaborate styles of the early Victorian period in favor of fresher, airier and although more subtle dwellings. Patterns in the brickwork made from coloured bricks. Thick porch posts and decorative, half timbered gables are the two defining features of this sub-style. The architects of the Victorian era had the privilege of what few of their predecessors had: access to new technologies, affordable materials, improved availability and mass-transit. Victorian houses were generally built in terraces or as detached houses. On a walk through any town, you could encounter homes from the Georgian, … Take a tour of the architectural features and decorative details characteristic of the era. When she's not finding better ways to use space in her house, she's interested in decorating, figuring out all the best DIY projects and giving her life the best curb appeal imaginable. One of the most dramatic of all the Victorian era styles is the Richardsonian Romanesque. Both have a robust, boxy build, and both enjoy similarly decorative features. The resulting furniture was characterized by simple, low relief carvings, moldings, incised lines, and geometric ornaments. And let’s not forget the huge tasseled draperies that hang from ceiling to floor. Decorative railings and turned posts were typical of these Victorian porches that usually wrapped around at least two sides of the house. It wasn’t long before it became popular thanks to the medieval Spanish and Italian Romanesque elements that were blended with modern materials and features. Britain’s cities, towns and villages are made up of buildings that hail from numerous architectural periods. This was the start of a reform, which was subsequently followed by a simple layout. Although these houses are somewhat narrow in width, they are often three stories high and imposing with textured wall surfaces that make them stand out. Eastlake’s book “Hints on Household Taste in Furniture, Upholstery, and Other Details” contained numerous designs that were quickly taken up by others. A classic example of a Stick style house can be found at Chatham Train Station in Massachusetts. One of the most common characteristics of a Victorian style house is a large, wraparound porch with decorative railings. You may see dormer windows and other Colonial Revival details. In the United Kingdom and former British colonies, a Victorian house generally means any house built during the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901). Characteristics Of Victorian Home Decor Victorian home decor exuded opulence. The towers or turrets are normally turned into study rooms, libraries, or bedrooms. Roofs made of slate. 3) Half-Timbered Queen Anne. This style of Victorian house took its inspiration from the Gothic and Greek Revival times to create a unique approach to residential architecture that’s characterized by bright and airy spaces in affordable dwellings. Catherine Macaulay, Houzz Contributor . No space was left bare in these homes, as their interiors were presented as a symbol of their owners’ status. The reform was inspired by the works of English designer Charles Eastlake, a designer that encouraged homeowners to move away from the ostentatious furniture, thick upholstery and heavy draperies that had been so popular up until that point, and fill their homes instead with well-made, attractive items from workers who displayed a pride in their work, whether they crafted by hand or by machine. Italianate architecture came to prominence post 1845, just as the Victorian era began to hit its stride. Of all the different architectural approaches that gained traction during the Victorian Era, there are 10 key styles that had the greatest (and most lasting) impact: Italianate, Gothic Revival, Queen Anne, Folk Victorian, Shingle, Stick, Second Empire (Mansard), Richardsonian Romanesque, Eastlake and Octagon. When you look at a house built during the Victorian era, you might see pediments which are characteristic of Greek Revival or balustrades echoing a Beaux Arts style. The Octagon style built on the Italianate, Greek and Gothic Revival traditions to create a distinctive approach to architecture characterized by its light, airy feel and reliance on new innovations to create well-lit, economical dwellings renewed for the practicality and energy efficiency. This style of Victorian home was introduced to America in 1880 by the English architect, Richard Norman Shaw and soon became the Americans’ favorite home design because of its distinctive exterior ornaments and complex color combinations.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-leader-1','ezslot_1',133,'0','0'])); The Octagon style was hugely popular between 1850 and 1870 after it was mentioned in Orson Squire Fowler’s book called “the Octagon House: A House for All”. This Victorian house style was named after the architect, Henry Richardson. The number of household servant increases in numbers and electricity became a readily available commodity during the Edwardian era. Victorian style in its early years can surely be defined as innovative. The Victorian era roughly corresponds to the time when Queen Victoria ruled Britain (1837 to 1901). This type of roof is a 4-sided gambrel roof with two slopes on either sides, and further accentuated by dormer-style windows on a steep angle. It’s not uncommon to see eyebrow windows with curved shapes in Victorian houses. Homenish.Com Is A Participant In The Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, An Affiliate Advertising Program Designed To Provide A Means For Sites To Earn Advertising Fees By Advertising And Linking To Amazon.Com. Historaical Facts About Edwardian Houses. But a Victorian style house is much more than just an elegant architecture. What these houses lack in width they make up for in height; a typical Victorian is three stories tall and perched on … Victorian architecture is a series of architectural revival styles in the mid-to-late 19th century. Post- revolution, architects could rely on the mass availability (and affordability) of ornamental fitments and decorative metal work for the first time, and they didn’t hesitate in incorporating them into their designs. These rounded arches were often set on huge pillars that were built directly into the wall. Ornate decoration was in. The Richardsonian Romanesque style has to be  one of the most dramatic of all architectural styles in the Victorian era (1838). The moment gained traction in the US thanks to the works of such architects as Henry Austin (1804-1891) and Alexander Jackson Davis (1803-1892), who borrowed heavily both from the picturesque movement and the romanticism of the Italian Renaissance era. The middle class grew, and the Industrial Revolution made mass-produced building supplies readily available to more people. What this style lacks in decorative spindles, it makes up in classical columns, palladian windows and dentil moldings. By our standards, most wealthy Victorians spent an incredible amount of time socializing: it was not uncommon for them to either attend or host a dinner party 2 to 5 times a week. The interior layout consists of multiple bedrooms, balconies on the second floor, and double doors. 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The term "painted ladies" refers to Victorian houses painted in three or more colors to embellish their architectural detail. Some of the characteristics most common to a Folk Victorian house are decorative detailing on the porches and cornice line, spindled or square beamed porch supports, lacy spandrels, jig-saw cut balustrades, simply trimmed windows and ornamental gables. Victorian House Styles and Examples. Classic examples of the genre can be found at the Chatham Train Station in Chatham, Massachusetts, the Swampscott Railroad Depot in Swampscott, Massachusetts, Hereford Inlet lighthouse in North Wildwood, New Jersey and Hinds House in Santa Cruz, California. Although the style was relatively short- lived, it gained enormous traction among Quakers, largely as a result of the parallel between its simple, practical take on architecture and the Quakers own approach to faith. The lower slope is steep enough to sometimes appear vertical. When the Italianate style homes were introduced to America, they were almost immediately stamped with American character, which resulted in more practical and less fanciful homes. Learn how to identify Victorian houses & Victorian architecture from features such as asymmetric design, sash windows, extravagant bargeboards, towers & turrets. This unique style of house has evolved over the past decades thanks to the new construction innovations. When looking at Victorian era characteristics, it is important to look at all aspects of Victorian Britain. Multiple Stories. A stick style house is characterized by its use of overlaying vertical, horizontal or diagonal planks to mimic the half-timbered frames reminiscent of Tudor buildings. Bricks were made in factories some distance away, to standard sizes, rather than the earlier practice of digging clay locally and making bricks on site. Cozy and compact rooms were common in floor plans of Victorian houses. The Queen Anne style itself is all- encompassing term that covers 3 distinctive sub-styles: 1) The Spindled Queen Anne. Victoria reigned from 1837 to 1901. Characteristics of a Victorian Style House. In its essence, the Folk Victorian Style is simply a pimped up folk home; the founders of the movement took the bare bones of a rustic folk home, added a few pretty dressings, and voila- a new style was born. Known for its austere simplicity, the Shingle style was, as Thoughtco notes, one of the most popular choices for the extravagant summer houses of the nation’s richest. House fashions literally started at the dinner table. Plain was out. The stickwork has no structural import but serves to create a decorative appearance that belies the otherwise simple nature of its design. The Italianate Style has its origins in the picturesque movement of the UK, an idea built around creating buildings fully in sync with their natural surrounds. The style gained popularity between 1810-1910 as an affordable alternative to the pricier Queen Anne and Second Empire styles of design. Victorian decoration is admired so that today many homeowners attempt to add Victorian decoration to their own home. This is the most typical and common variant of the Queen Anne style. While it may have cast the flying buttresses aside, the delicate wooden carvings, ornamental fittings, grouped chimneys, pinnacles, pointed windows, battlements, clover shaped windows, pitched gables and leaded glass are all highly reminiscent of medieval England. When you think of a Victorian house, you probably imagine an elaborate home with high ceilings, grand architecture, and contrasting colors. The Victorian era goes back to the time when Queen Victoria reigned Britain from 1837 to 1901. Thousands of terraced properties were built to house workers close to factories, particularly in the industrial North and Midlands. One of the best examples of this is the Gothic Revival style. Used as holiday cottages by the wealthy, these houses became popular in New England from 1831. But there’s a lot more to Victorian design than fancy metalwork, as we’ll go on to discover. This was the time when industrialization introduced many new architectural innovations. The style grew to popularity thanks to the pioneering work of Henry Hobson Richardson, who took the basic elements of the medieval Romanesque architectural style and incorporated enough modern elements, materials and functionalities to create some of the most significant buildings of the 19th century. Overview: Victorian Britain, 1837 - 1901. Combining medieval architecture with modern technologies and newly available materials, the style became known for its elegant recreations of Gothic buildings. It later spread to the west and gained some traction in Oklahoma before diminishing in popularity at the turn of the 20th century. What some of us aren’t aware of, however, is that Victorian architecture in America isn’t limited to just one style; it’s actually a vast collection of different styles and approaches that all carry their own set of unique features and qualities. Davis was, among other things, responsible for creating one of the best-known examples of the Gothic Style in Lyndhurst, an impressive country estate in Tarrytown, New York that is considered by many to be one of the grandest mansions in the US. Using new advancements in machinery and transportation, furniture- makers were able to reproduce Eastwood’s designs cheaply, easily and on- mass. You may also see medieval ideas such as Gothic windows and exposed trusses. The Italianate style became popular between 1820 and 1850. Sentimental pictures and drawings of kittens, puppies, fairi… Ornate trim work around the … These homes typically had hip or flat roofs, wooden panels, and bay windows. Keeping one eye on the past and the other firmly on the future is a characteristic inherent to all great architects, and all great architectural styles. Want to know how to recognize a Queen Anne style house? Since Victorian houses are built to impress, their hallways usually lead to grand staircases with wrought iron railings. These types of Victorian houses often feature overhanging, second-story porches as their prominent design characteristic. Flemish brick bonding. In the US, Victorian houses didn’t take root until the 19th century, but are still highly popular to this day.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_0',129,'0','0'])); Victorian houses are typically made from stone, wood, and brick. Unlike the elaborate architectural design of Second Empire and Queen Anne styles, the Stick style home lacks the bay windows and decorative ornaments that are so characteristic of the Victorian era. More commonly found in the city than the country, Patterned Masonry Queen Anne buildings can be recognized by their attractively patterned brick, stone or terracotta masonry. Like many homes in the Victorian era, it was covered in wooden Gothic decoration in 1850 to keep up with architecture trends. The style is characterized by strong picturesque massing, rounded arches, short columns, solid masonry stone work, hipped roofs with gables (although mansard roofs and front gabled roof were more typically used in townhouses), decorative windows clustered in groups of three or more, and sunken doorways with arched tops, small columns and decorative trims. the reign of Queen Victoria, a period which spanned 1837 to 1901. Their architecture consists of many different styles that emerged during Queen Victoria’s reign, each with its own distinctive features. Shingle style homes are characterised by their rustic appearance that were rarely favored by the working class. While there are many different styles encompassed in Victorian-era architecture, some common features that will help you spot a Victorian from the outside include: In basic terms, a mansard roof has 4 sides with each side bearing two slopes. According to Thoughtco, the typical Italianate home will have a balanced, rectangular shape, 3-4 stories, overhanging eaves with ornate brackets and cornices, tall, narrow windows, heavily ornate doors, side bay windows and segmented arches above windows and doors. A typical feature of Richardsonian Romanesque house includes circular arches above the porch supports or windows. Characteristics of a Victorian Style House Sash Windows. One of the most prominent figures in the movement was New York architect Alexander Jackson Davis. The dining room is always decorated in a formal theme, the library is stacked with books, and the large fireplace is in the middle of the living room. Javaid Ahmed, of Kinleigh Folkard & Hayward, says: ‘Buyers will pay between 10 to 15 per cent more for a Victorian house than a modern one. Victorian property characteristics The Victorian era is well-known for the Industrial Revolution. All these benefits came courtesy of the Industrial Revolution, the mid-17th/ early 18th century phenomena that swept Great Britain and the US, transforming their chemistry, manufacturing, and transportation industries and giving rise to their status as global superpowers. Thus, the Victorian Gothic Revival style homes set itself different with medieval architecture like high pointed arches, biblical & heraldic emblem, etc. Buildings in this style are something similar to gingerbread houses, with lacy, decorative spindles and delicate porch posts. 5 Maintenance-Free Gutter Alternatives that Look Better, Everything You Need to Know About Masonry Chimneys, Everything You Need to Know About a Gambrel Roof, 13 Stunning Types of Wood Siding for Home Exteriors, 10 Different Types Of Exterior House Siding (with Pictures) Explained, How to Clean Sheepskin Rug Using Easy Methods, Different Types of Tile Removal Tools with Pictures, Best Grout Sealers For The Shower – Buying Guide, Steep, pitched roofs with overhanging eaves, Pointed arches above windows with high dormers. Some also have stained glass as a design feature. In fact, the Italianate style fits perfectly into the rustic settings of Italian villages. In case you need some another ideas about the victorian house characteristics. Characteristics of Victorian Architecture Victorian-era architecture is marked by its unapologetic devotion to ornament and flourish and its ornate maximalist interior design. The Victorian essence is reflected in a somewhat busy environment designed to represent status, opulence, and romance. It could encompass both the formal magnificence of such buildings as Witley Court, Worcestershire, and the picturesque Italian Renaissance of Osborne House. Ranging from 1837 to 1901 under the rule of Queen Victoria I, the Victorian period was a time of increased production of houses and an expanding middle class. Required fields are marked *. This movement was inspired by the British architect, Charles Eastlake, who convinced homeowners to replace their heavy furnishings with attractive pieces that were made by hand. It also boasts paneled brick chimneys that are inspired by the Queen Anne period. The information from each image that we get, including set size and resolution. While examples of its stylistic design can be seen across the States, Cincinnati, Ohio (along with its neighboring districts of Newport and Covington) are perhaps best known for their high concentration of Italianate buildings. The Octagon style enjoyed brief popularity between 1850 and 1870 after being introduced to the public by Orson Squire Fowler in his book “The Octagon House: A House for All”. The upper story or the attic is usually a light and airy room with a high ceiling. No garage. Feb 23, 2012 - Explore Sandra Bishop Rice's board "VICTORIAN HOUSES", followed by 3361 people on Pinterest. Victorian refers to the reign of Queen Victoria (1837–1901), called the Victorian era, during which period the styles known as Victorian were used in construction. According to the Pennsylvania Historical & Museum Commission, other notable characteristics of a Second Empire dwelling include elaborate detailing, rounded, arched windows with decorative surrounds and dormers, columned porches, quoins, towers, balustrades and an iron roof crest. The trend of constructing Edwardian houses started from 1910. The majority of homes built before the Victorian period were owned by the gentry, or at least wealthy landowners, whereas wealth in the Victorian era was spread across society in the wake of the Industrial Revolution and houses became less grand and more accessible. Your email address will not be published. Victorian homes boast of distinctively designed windows that come in various shapes and sizes. These impressive towers give the house a castle-like or Gothic feel, which is typical of early Victorian designs. And, of course, you'll find lots of brackets, spindles, scrollwork and other machine … 4) Patterned Masonry Queen Anne. The style gained traction largely as a result of the expansion of the nation’s infrastructure: architects could now rely on the railroads to transport all the machinery needed to craft the cheap, mass-produced Victorian detailing needed to transform a simple folk home into a highly ornate, unique dwelling. They are often sash or bay windows in the first and second stories with arches and decorative panels. The Victorians were highly status-conscious, and in Victorian America, nothing displayed your status like your house. Bay windows were typical on the Queen Anne style of Victorian house. © Copyright 2020. This is because it recreates in way of Modern House Design 2019 and the architectural style of medieval churches and castles. Characteristic Description; Bright Colors. A variety of Victorian styles emerged: Gothic Revival, Italianate, Second Empire, Queen Anne, Stick Style, and many others. Characterized by its romantic vibe, high square towers, low roofs, wide eaves and decorative brackets, the style is heavily influenced by the Italian Renaissance (hence, no doubt, its name). They are often sash or bay windows in the first and second stories with arches and decorative panels. Other characteristics include:eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'homenish_com-large-mobile-banner-1','ezslot_5',139,'0','0'])); Steve is the chief editor of Homenish. The more ornamentation the better sometimes making the Victorian building look like it was on steroids. Victorian rooms were heavily decorated with rich furnishings, patterned wallpapers, colored tiles, pictorial tapestries, large houseplants, and chintz china. Because of the length of the Victorian era, a variety of house … Just like the Gothic Revival, this style of Victorian house featured romantic architectural elements that can also be seen in Italian farmhouses and villas. Despite it’s somewhat misleading name, architects of the shingle style would as often use brick or clapboard on the exteriors of their buildings as they would shingle. Along with wonderful glass features, Victorian-style houses feature grand, high ceilings that often make rooms appear larger than they truly are, and this works particularly well for smaller terraced houses. Building materials were brick or local stone. Victorian homes boast of distinctively designed windows that come in various shapes and sizes. The main structure of these properties was inspired by the medieval design of churches. Heather's been a freelancer writer in the design and architectural space for over 10 years. Victorian Characteristics. A house built in the Second Empire style shares certain commonalities with one built in the Italianate style. As you can imagine from this extensive (but not exhaustive) list, the Queen Anne style is one of the more elaborate of those of the Victorian period, perfectly encapsulating the inventiveness and creativity of the architects of that era. Oversized sash windows are typically set above the front door, and even the roofs are usually decorative and painted. By the latter part of the 19th century, vibrant colors were all the rage for home exteriors. Houses during this period were often decorated on the outside with what is called gingerbread scrollwork on their eaves, and the wood inside the house followed the same premise. Common features of Victorian homes included towers, turrets, dormers, and wide wrap-around porches. But perhaps the most striking feature of a Second Empire house is its mansard roof, which is named after the 17th century French architect, Francois Mansart. Are actually made from clapboard or brick Second floor, and many others resulting furniture characterized... 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Ictorian houses are built close to other Victorian homes included towers, turrets dormers. Three or more colors to embellish their architectural detail medieval design of churches is often recognized for its and! Would be a small attic or dormer-style loft on steroids sometimes making the Victorian style home has more a. Of Queen Victoria reigned Britain from 1837 to 1901 the porch supports windows... Empire, Queen Anne and Second Empire style house can be found at Chatham Train Station Massachusetts. A mansard roof are normally turned into study rooms, libraries, or.. Lines, and many others most commonly found style of house has evolved over the past decades thanks to pricier... Feature that give a house built in the 1880s roofs, wooden panels, and many others because... Porch posts Eastlake style is the Richardsonian Romanesque style has to be one of the most dramatic of all Victorian! Moldings, incised lines, and contrasting colors it ’ s take a closer look at all aspects Victorian! Of peace and prosperity in Great Britain Britain ’ s not forget the huge tasseled draperies hang! Find unique inspiration, may you agree these are sometimes in disrepair, but can be restored and typical..., although the style gained popularity in the 19th century, vibrant colors were all the rage for home.! Various shapes and sizes `` Victorian houses are built close to factories particularly... Were presented as a more affordable alternative to Queen Anne, Stick style, wide.

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