different varieties of mustard greens

Mustard Greens. The leaves are crispy with a mild bite. Some varieties, such as rocket and watercress, are sold separately. A few combine one or more of these traits. When you think of mustard greens, you may be thinking of something different than what’s immediately called to mind by your neighbor, spouse, or that chef whose cookbook you’re thumbing through. Mustard is a much-beloved condiment that is made from the seeds of the mustard plant. Follow along below to see which variety is right for you. Mustard greens: Yet another cabbage-family member, mustard greens physically resemble a more delicate version of kale with a stronger bite. How to Save Mustard Green Seeds for Planting, Keeping Basil When It Gets Chilly: Fall and Winter Growing Tips, How to Grow Winter Cabbage for a Late-Season Harvest, Use Beneficial Nematodes to Reduce Bad Bugs in Your Garden, How to Grow Stinging Nettle in Your Garden, Train Those Melons on a Trellis: How to Grow Cantaloupe Vertically, Top 10 Blueberry Varieties to Grow for Home Harvests, Try Our Tips to Get Started with No-Till Gardening. chinensis is a favorite for microgreens, baby greens, and a variety of uses in Asian cuisine. Mustard greens are also commonly referred to as Indian mustard, Chinese mustard, or leaf mustard, and botanically classified as Brassica juncea. These leafy veggies are available in several different varieties and all of them offer a plethora of health benefits, making them, dare I say, magical. I may even put one in a container in the cool months, when it’s not too tough to keep up with the watering. There are a number of different types of mustard which are cultivated for different products, including greens and leaves. But she’s also open to garden magic, like the red-veined sorrel that took up residence in several square yards of what used to be her back lawn. A Hard Nut To Crack: A Guide To Preparing Coconut, Educating and Innovating: A Conversation With Hugh Acheson, Freeze in Yuma / Mushrooms in the Kitchen / Local Farm Support, Always Be My Baby (Leaf)- The Prosperous Products of Taylor Farms, Individual Brussels Sprout Frittata To-Go. Happily, most of them are easy to grow and have similar requirements, which you can read more about in our growing guide. Mustard greens grows very quickly from a tiny seed into a large, 2-foot tall plant with vibrant leaves. You can expect to harvest two- to three-inch sprouts just 10 days from planting. Mustard greens (Brassica juncea), also known as Indian mustard, Chinese mustard and leaf mustard, is a species of mustard plant and belongs to Brassica family, which also includes cabbage, broccoli, brussels sprouts, etc. Mustard greens are the leaves of the mustard plant (Brassica juncea), and they often appear in Southern cooking as well as Indian, Chinese, Japanese, and African cuisines.There are actually many different varieties of mustard greens, ranging in leaf size and shape and color from green to … Big harvests are also great for adding to homemade juice. Three varieties of mustard greens produce seeds, which in turn are used in various aspects of cooking. And ‘Green Wave’ is a season stretcher, slow to bolt and quite cold tolerant. ‘Tendergreen’ seeds are available from Burpee. Exploring The Types of Mustard Greens Just like there’s dijon, spicy brown, and the classic yellow mustard, there are many types of mustard greens beyond the common curly-leafed variety. This B. rapa var. This cool-weather loving plant has dozens of types and varieties, and all of them grow just quickly with proper care and under a suitable environment and conditions. 14. Yellow mustard seeds (also known as white mustard seeds) are the most common and the mildest in flavor. Product photos via Burpee, David’s Garden Seeds, Eden Brothers, Renee’s Seeds, and True Leaf Market. Grab a packet of ‘Rosette’ tatsoi seeds from Renee’s Garden via Amazon. GARDENER'S PATH® IS A REGISTERED TRADEMARK OF ASK THE EXPERTS LLC. Brassica alba, a native to the Mediterranean region, produces large yellow seeds and Brown mustard (Brassica juncea) is the one used to make Dijon-style mustards. Some of these links may be affiliate in nature, meaning we earn small commissions if items are purchased. It’s a far cry from what you might be expecting if you grew up eating greens stewed in big pots with beans. The deep roots also prevent soil nutrients from eroding in heavy rain or strong winds. Our spiciest green mustard. japonica has bright green, serrated leaves that grow from thin stalks, and it adds a touch of wasabi heat to pizza, stir fries, or salads. Avoid disease by not planting where other Brassica (cole crops) plants have grown in the past year or two. This is mustard at its mildest – and most beautiful. For those who want to experiment, we’d recommend trying pickled Komatsuna. Grinding and mixing the seeds with water, vinegar, or other liquids creates the yellow condiment known as prepared mustard.The seeds can also be pressed to make mustard oil, and the edible leaves can be eaten as mustard greens There are many varieties of mustard greens to choose from, with different leaf forms and color of leaves that range from medium green through dark green, purple and red. This open-pollinated, blue-green B. juncea cultivar hails from Africa, which is how it got the nickname “Ethiopian kale.”. But before we talk about eating them, let’s talk about growing mustard in your garden. This one does take a bit longer than the old-fashioned giant mustards to reach maturity, usually about 60 days. Sow seeds ½ inches deep, two to three seeds per inch, in rows 18 inches apart. That’s a boost if you didn’t plant enough in summer, or can’t wait to sample something green (okay, dark red!) In Japanese cuisine, it is known as takana and often pickled for use as filling in onigiri or as a condiment. B. juncea ‘Osaka Purple’ is quite the 21st-century foodstuff pepper-upper. Dijon Mustard: This variety was the first to be regulated.It originates in Dijon, France, and is made with brown and/or black seeds, seasonings, and verjuice (juice of unripened grapes), white wine, wine vinegar or a combination of all three. You can find ‘Purple Wave’ seeds in a variety of packet sizes available at True Leaf Market. Many varieties of B. juncea cultivars are used, including zha cai, mizuna, takana (var. The term “mustard” is used to describe several plants in the Brassica and Sinapis genera which are used as sources of food. I grow a couple in the spring, and then a couple more in the fall. Each with their own strengths and weaknesses, a perfectly paired mustard green can have impact on the overall quality of your dish. If you’re impatient, grow this as a microgreen, ready just 7-10 days after sowing. From salads to stir-frys and everything in between, Komatsuna brings a dependable flavor and strong nutritional profile to the plate. Find the perfect Mustard Greens stock photos and editorial news pictures from Getty Images. Some grow giant leaves, the type most common in Southern cooking. Brassicaceae. Us Southerners call that a “mess of greens.”. You can pick the small leaves for salad greens at 21 days, and the jumbo mature leaves are ready in 45 days. Interestingly enough, even though the two share similar flavors and textures, they’re not botanically related. You plant it as a soil builder following spring, summer, or early fall crops. Mustard seed is used as a spice. Other gardeners’ top choices may be smaller, sweeter, spicier, or have a different leaf texture than my old favorite. When cooked, red mustard greens lose their distinctive color as well as the sharp edge of their flavor. This open-pollinated B. juncea cultivar taps the best of its two parents,’Osaka Purple’ and ‘Green Wave.’. Some popular varieties of mustard are Red Giant, Osaka purple-leaved, Green-in-snow, Southern Giant mustard and many more. Black mustard seed (Brassica nigra) is the most pungent of the three. You can pick a few leaves from the garden even after the first snow. B. juncea ‘Green Wave’ is to mustard greens what ballpark yellow is to the condiment made from the seeds. Mustard Powder (Cracked/Dal, Yellow, Chinese, English) These are just ground mustard seeds. It reaches full size in 45 days. And like the other “wave” types of mustard greens, ‘Purple Wave’ grows big and bold in a hurry. More importantly, Rose loves a garden’s ability to make a well-kept manicure virtually impossible and revive the spirits, especially in tough times. Amara; Florida Broadleaf; Green Wave; Kodiak; Mizuna; Osaka Purple; Purple Wave; Red Giant; Red Tatsoi; Rosette Tatsoi; Tendergreen; Tokyo Bekana; Wasabi Here is more about what we do. Peppery and spicy Coming up, I’ll be sure to give other varieties equal time with ‘Red Giant.’ I’ll also help you decide which one is best for your garden, whether you’re contemplating baby leaves, microgreens, mature heads, or even homegrown green manure. Kale can be charred, tossed in salads, sautéed, or blanched, while turnip greens are best braised. And for more information about mustard greens, check out these guides next: © Ask the Experts, LLC. 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