geography of algeria

Algeria’s main natural resources are its hydrocarbons – oil and, above all, natural gas, of which the country is a major producer in the global market. Algeria comprises 2,381,741 square kilometers of land, more than four-fifths of which is desert, in northern Africa, between Morocco and Tunisia. In order to promote extraction of these resources, the government has offered mining companies from Canada, China, and Australia favourable terms for investment in the country. At 2.38 million square kilometers (919,595.3 sq. In the Saharan region, many oases have also long been cultivated. Annaba 342,703 5. Mali, Mauritania, and Western Sahara lie to the southwest. Later they were called the Berbers. Algeria’s economy was too dependent on oil and when oil prices fell during the 1908s oil glut, the country faced a lot of hardship which led to social unrest. Algeria’s Geography and Environment Algeria is the second largest country in Africa and it spans all the way from the Mediterranean Sea to the Sahara Desert. In addition, precious metals are found in the remote corners of the desert. French friends? Some places are extremely prone to disaster, such as the city that was known as Orleansville in colonial times. In the north, the species resemble those of other countries bordering the Mediterranean. Once the water receded, the processes of erosion by wind and water – a few thousand years ago, it had a climate characterized by abundant rainfall – created the most remarkably-shaped rocks and mountains, especially notable in the Hoggar and Tassili n’Ajjer regions, which are, for that reason, major tourist destinations for travellers to Algeria. The largest part (about 80 percent) of the country consists of the Sahara desert. This has resulted particularly in an increase in the production of gold. Can be used for coloring. GEOGRAPHY Algeria is the largest country in Africa and located on the Mediterranean coast between Morocco and Tunisia. Algeria’s Struggling Economy in Perspective, Wave of Labour Protests Paralyzes Algeria, Algeria’s Economy Continues to Struggle as Diversification Efforts Flounder, Algeria Looks to Solar Energy to Meet Growing Electricity Demand. Algeria ăljēr´ēə , Arab. Corals and sponges are used in industrial applications. Algeria, the second largest Arab/African country after Sudan, is nearly one-third the size of the continental U.S. Algeria is a country located in the Maghreb region of North Africa. The desert contains significant groundwater reserves that permit palm trees and some other crops to grow. Africa has eight major physical regions: the Sahara, the Sahel, the Ethiopian Highlands, the savanna, … In the north, the Mediterranean Sea dominates the fertile coastal plains that extend up to the Atlas Mountains. Industrialization, population growth, the war of independence, and the civil war of the 1990s have left their traces in the landscape and the ecosystem. Today it has strong relations with the European Union as well as the Arab world and its economy is largely based on exports. Drinking water for the expanding desert city of Tamanrasset has to be supplied by a long pipeline from other oases to its north. Being on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea, the land of Algeria was part of some of the great Mediterranean empires over the course of history. Batna 289,504 7. The surface of the desert has several remarkable features. The environment is under threat from many directions. World Facts Index > Algeria > Geography Map of Algeria. Economy. Far from being a uniform mass of sand, the Algerian Sahara offers a varied landscape of mountain ranges, sand dunes, rocky plateaus, and oases filled with thousands of palm trees. Currently Algeria is the twelfth largest exporter of petroleum in the world. After independence, the devastation of the war and the government’s orientation towards the buildup of industry led to a neglect of the region’s agricultural potential. A geological feature that has occasionally affected the country severely is the location of northern Algeria in the zone where the African and European tectonic plates meet, resulting in a high risk of earthquakes. Major oil and gas fields lie in the northern Sahara. The southern borders, drawn in the Sahara desert, are not easily guarded, providing opportunities for smuggling and illegal migration. It is bordered by Algeria and Western Sahara. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Solar energy The plains consist of grasslands and small bushes that traditionally provided pasturage for sheep and goats. Environmental Issues. Stay up to date with the weekly newsletter! Natural Resources miles (6,700 sq km). Free download and print out for educational, school, or classroom use. Tunisia has a long history that dates back to ancient times. Algeria accounts for 2.4 percent of global gas production. The variety of tree species planted was insufficient, which prevented the creation of a true ecosystem, and those that were planted were often were eaten by sheep and goats. In 1995, the country's external… This programme, managed by the army, has been only partly successful. Algeria's wealth has always been tied to its minerals. Tahat at 9,850 ft. (3,003 m); the lowest point is Lake Chott Melrhir at -131 ft. (-40 m). Prior to December, 2019: Adrar, Aïn Defla, Ain Temouchent, Algiers, Annaba, Batna, Bechar, Bejaia, Biskra, Blida, Bordj Bou Arreridj, Bouira, Boumerdes, Chlef, Constantine, Djelfa, El Bayadh, El Oued, El Tarf, Ghardaia, Guelma, Illizi, Jijel, Khenchela, Laghouat, Mascara, Medea, Mila, Mostaganem, M'Sila, Naama, Oran, Ouargla, Oum el Bouaghi, Relizane, Saida, Setif, Sidi Bel Abbes, Skikda, Souk Ahras, Tamanghasset, Tebessa, Tiaret, Tindouf, Tipaza, Tissemsilt, Tizi Ouzou, Tlemcen. This has obliged the country to make substantial investments in water management. It shares borders with Morocco (1,559 kilometres), Tunisia (965), Libya (982), Niger (956), Mali (1,376), Mauretania (463) and the Moroccan-occupied Western Sahara (42 kilometres). km, Tamanghasset is the largest province. These chotts are marshes (often salty) in low-lying areas. Despite the costs involved and the technical difficulties, this programme, involving specialized foreign construction firms, is of sufficient strategic importance that the state is continuing them. The high plateaus stretch for more than 372 miles (600 km) and consist of undulating, steppe-like plains averaging 3,608 - 4,265 ft (1,100 - 1,300 m) and dropping to 1,312 ft (400 m) as you move east. Featuring ALGERIA!! km. Oran ( 803,329 ) 3. As the home of most Algerians up to the present, the coastal plains include the big cities and the major industrial centres that were created by independent Algeria. The most famous products are the dates from the regions of Tolga and Biskra; they are the most important export product after oil and gas. "). Attempts to bring steppe areas under cultivation have resulted in the depletion of the soils, and ecosystems are being changed by desertification. In earlier times, the long grass was also used in basket-making. Algeria is bordered by seven countries. Al Djazair, Fr. It is situated on the Mediterranean coast of Africa about midway between Tangier and Tunis, opposite Majorca. Although economic development has always dominated the agenda, the state now acts more forcefully on environmental issues. For the Romans, the cultivation of grain in these fertile areas made Algeria the breadbasket of the empire. In contrast, the High Plains that extend south of the Atlas get far less rain. El Oued (called the town of a thousand domes) and Biskra, in north-eastern Algeria, are major date-producing regions. Freedom fighters? An alternative though more expensive option is to produce drinking water from seawater by desalination. Domestic consumption per capita is, however, lower than in other gas-producing countries, leaving a relatively large share for export. In the heyday of the trade routes that crossed the Sahara, merchants carried salt south of the desert to exchange it for gold. The variety of tree species planted was insufficient, which prevented the creation of a true ecosystem, and those that were planted were often were eaten by sheep and goats. The most populated areas in the coastal plains lie on the edge of this zone. But even the desert is far from lifeless, as it contains many plants and animals that have adapted to the harsh environment, making efficient use of the scarce water resources. It is Africa's second-largest country with 1,200km (750 miles) of coastline. Each climate zone has its own plant and animal life. Some years later, large deposits of natural gas were found near Hassi R’Mel. Algeria’s climatic regions and landscapes can be divided into four sections … Within the approximately 1200 km long Mediterranean coast lies a distinctly mountainous landscape. The country also has a coastline on the Mediterranean Sea to the north. Its Arabic name, Al Jazair (the islands), derives from the name of the capital Algiers (Al Jazair in Arabic), after the small islands formerly found in its harbor. With an area of 336,839 sq. This casts doubt on the short-term feasibility of DESERTEC, although the longer-term advantages still seem clear. Algeria consists of three main geographical zones, each with its own climate. wilaya); one-third of the members are appointed by the President. Attempts to bring steppe areas under cultivation have resulted in the depletion of the soils, and ecosystems are being changed by desertification. Algiers ( 2,364,230) 2. South of the higher Atlas peaks, the lower rainfall makes for far less vegetation and animal life. population geography Algeria's earliest inhabitants were Berbers who remained in the mountainous regions through Roman, Vandal, and Byzantine raids and colonization. In ancient times Algeria was known as Numidia. 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