balanophora fungosa medicinal uses

Balanophora species are used in folk medicine in many Asian cultures. Whitish to brown; herb, parasitic. Common Names: Allegheny vine, Climbing Fumitory, Mountain-fringe (1, 3).  |  & G.Forst. Download PDF. fungosa J.R.Forst. (1775) Type species: Balanophora fungosa J.R. Forst. Morphology and phylogenetics of two holoparasitic plants, Balanophora japonica and Balanophora yakushimensis (Balanophoraceae), and their hosts in Taiwan and Japan. Indica; Balanophoraceae; Gajapippali; Langsdorffia indica Arn. NIH “Balanophora fungosa is a parasitic plant growing on the roots of rainforest plants. 7(2): 6943-6946. New Delhi: NISCOM; 1980. The decoction of fruit has expectorant action, and given to treat respiratory disorders, and asthma. Description. 2012 Aug;2(8):665-9. doi: 10.1016/S2221-1691(12)60117-8. Balanophora is a flowering plant that parasitizes roots of trees. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Cairns. Gen. Pl. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. & G.Forst. It is called as Markata Pippali in Sanskrit, Gajapippali in Hindi, Bengali and Kannada, Atti-tippali or Kallan-thippali or Nila-bomb in Malayalam, Enugatippali in Telugu, and Bhoomi Budalam or Veru-Chedi in Tamil. Epub 2019 Apr 22. B.Hansen is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of an infraspecific taxon* of the species Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. HHS COVID-19 is an emerging, rapidly evolving situation. Chopra R.N, Nayar S.L, Chopra I.C. -. See this image and copyright information in PMC, Three new muurolane-type sesquiterpene glycosides from the whole plants of. Introduction: Balanophora fungosa Forster & Forster ssp. (1972) Dansk Botanisk Arkiv Udgivet af Dansk Botanisk Forening 28: 98. The whole herb has been used medicinally for the treatment of irregular menstruation, cough, hemoptysis, traumatic injury and bleeding, dizziness and gastralgia in Yunnan Province, China. 139 Barleria buxifolia L. 140 Barleria cristata L. 141 Barleria mysorensis Roth 142 Barleria prionitis L. 143 Barleria strigosa Willd. & G. Forst. It has no chlorophyll. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. Keywords: Gen. Pl. Richard Morris. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Few phytochemical constituents were reported on this plant. Within the genus Balanophora agamospermy was found only in B. fungosa subsp. 2011 Feb 23;59(4):1109-14. doi: 10.1021/jf1035542. Asian Pac J Trop Biomed. indica using various chromatographic methods.Their structures were determined by extensive analysis of HR-ESI-MS and NMR spectroscopy. Balanophora involucrata Hook.f.& Thomson (Balanophoraceae) is a parasite plant often growing on the roots of leguminous plants. Wallich ex Griffith; Balanophora fungosa Forster & Forster ssp. Abstract. globosa hanya tersebar di Jawa Barat (Cibodas, Gunung Gede) pada ketinggian 1500 m dpl (Hansen, 1976). indica (Arn.) Some primitive tribals of Western Ghats and their herbal medicine. 1996;2:25. National Center for Biotechnology Information, Unable to load your collection due to an error, Unable to load your delegates due to an error, TS of rhizome shows outer layer (OL), ground tissue (GR), vascular traces (VT) and vascular bundle (VB), TS of stem shows outer layer (OL), ground tissue (GR) and vascular traces (VT), TS of leaf shows hte epidemis (AD & AB), ground tissue (GR) and vascular traces (VT). J Agric Food Chem. A review on ethnobotany, phytochemistry and pharmacology of Fumaria indica (Fumitory). Huu Tai B, Xuan Nhiem N, Hai Yen P, Hong Quang T, Thi Cuc N, Thi Trang D, Van Doan V, Thuy Hang DT, Van Minh C, Van Kiem P. Nat Prod Res. The leaves or fruits are applied externally for rheumatism. Balanophora is a genus belonging to the family Balanophoraceae which possesses about 120 species all over the world.  |  Kiritikar K.R., Basu B.D. Ethno-medico-botanical investigations in Kerala. Journal of Threatened Taxa. Name: Adlumia fungosa (Aiton) Greene ex Britton. This site needs JavaScript to work properly. Common name. fungosa Hansen, B. 'Creating awareness of Indian Flora & Fauna' The whole world uses my Image Resource of more than a thousand species & eight thousand images of Birds, Butterflies, Plants etc. B. Hansen var. Though it is not an official drug in any of the indigenous systems of medicine in India, it is used in tribal medicines in south India. The female flowers form an densely packed apical cone with the male flowers clustered below them. Balanophora fungosa is a fleshy, leafless herb that is total parasitic on the roots or rhizomes of various host species[266. The 50% EtOH extract obtained from B. fungosa indicated an inhibitory effect on mushroom tyrosinase activity with an IC50 value of 15 μg/mL. Stem 'Plants' arise from an irregularly-shaped, hard, bulbous mass attached to the roots of rain forest plants. mariannae (Hosok.) indica (Arn.) Sedangkan varietas lainnya, Balanophora fungosa ssp. Balanophora fungosa subsp. The flowering structure is shaped like a puffball but in fact consists of a globe covered with thousands of tiny female flowers. Gai-Mei She, Ying-Jun Zhang, Chong-Ren Yang. J Plant Res. fungosa This is a root parasite found in the tropical rainforest. Ethnobotanical investigations amoung tribes in Madurai Disirct of Tamilnadu (India) Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine. Though it is not an official drug in any of the indigenous systems of medicine in India, it is used in tribal medicines in south India. 50. & G.Forst. Campus. The globe is surrounded at its base by a much smaller number of male flowers. The parasitic plant Balanophora fungosa subsp. This paper describes the study of the inhibitory effect of Balanophora fungosa on melanin. Name []. It mainly provides comprehensive cervical spine care. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Balanophora (family Balanophoraceae). (Hansen, 1976; Mukhti et al, 2012). & G.Forst. Balanophora fungosa subsp. Balanophora fungosa J.R. & G. Forst. Tyrosinase, trypsin, and tryptase are known to play important roles in melanin production of human skin. Balanophora fungosa ssp. B. indica, is a root parasite found in hills of south India. B. Hansen (family Balanophoraceae) had been used in Vietnamese folk medicine for a long time. indica (Arn.) Indica (Arn.) B. Hansen var. The flowering structure is shaped like a toadstool but consists of a globe covered with thousands of tiny female flowers. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. -, Pushpangadan P., Atal C.K. Hans. Balanophora fungosa is a rare holoparasitic flowering plant in Taiwan, where it is restricted to the Hengchun Peninsula in southernmost Taiwan, and Orchid Island (Lanyu in Chinese), a small volcanic island off the southeastern coast of Taiwan. You can also use them for free as per Creative Commons license attached with each image. Cervigest capsule is an proprietary Ayurvedic medicine manufactured by Kerala Ayurveda Limited. Melanin synthesis inhibitors from Balanophora fungosa. 4. It is used to treat cervical spondylosis, muscular spasm, stiffness etc mainly related to head, neck, shoulders and arms. Gen. Pl. ; Negative list; Scindapsus officinalis; adulterant; ethnobotany; indigenous systems of medicine; pharmacognosy; prohibited plants; root parasite; substitute. Balanophora; Fungus Root. kuroiwai Makino Balanophora fungosa var. -, Ranjithakani P, Geetha S., Lakshmi G., Murugan S. Preliminary survey of wild edibles of Kolli Hills of Salem. Ethno Medicinal Plants used by Jatapu Women in Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India. This plant is included in the list of negative list, which are restricted and prohibited for export. Vol. indica (Arn.) Medicinal Uses. Names in different languages: English name – red physic nut, wild castor, wild croton and wild sultan seed, i Hindi Name- Danti Tamil name- Niradimuthi Telugu name- Cinna Nepalam Tamil Name- Niradimuthi Brngali name- Harun, Haphun Marathi name- Danti However, it is found in crude drug markets as substitute/adulterant for the Ayurvedic drug Gajapippali (Scindapsus officinalis). B. Hansen var. The tubers of Balanophora are rich in a wax-like substance which is used in Java as a fuel for torches. Three new muurolane type sesquiterpene glycosides, named balanoindicosides A − C (1 − 3), were isolated from the whole plant of Balanophora fungosa subsp. of parasitic plants. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by Char. Family: Papaveraceae (the Poppy family), in the subclade Fumarioideae. web interface by However, few of us have noticed the much smaller parasitic group of plants called Balanophora. This study aimed to investigate the hypouricaemic and anti-inflammatory effects of ethanol extract of B. fungosa subsp. USA.gov. 1992;11:133–36. Ancient Science of Life. 144 Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn. It is an obligate parasite growing on the roots of rainforest trees. A collection of 82 medicinal plant species belonging to 44 families, used … 2012 May;125(3):317-26. doi: 10.1007/s10265-011-0447-5. Balanophora. Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. Title … indica var. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! The white tipped structures at the base are male flowers. B. indica, is a root parasite found in hills of south India. Balanophora kuroiwai (Makino) Makino Balanophora mariannae Hosokawa Balanophora … indica, ditemukan varietas yang tersebar di India, Indo-China, Sumatera (Sumatera Barat) dan Filipina. However, there is no pharmacognostical report to authenticate the commercial samples of B. fungosa and to differentiate them from Scindapsus officinalis. Balanophora : the hidden highland parasite with unexplored medicinal potential It belongs to a tropical family, Balanophoraceae. subsp. Common name. indica var. 138 Bambusa arundinacea Willd. This small apparently leafless plant is a root-parasite and resembles a fungus with a large rounded head. & G.Forst. Balanophora fungosa. indica var. Balanophora fungosa, sometimes known as fungus root is a flowering plant in the family Balanophoraceae and occurs in South Asia, Southeast Asia, Australia and some Pacific Islands. The database and code is licensed under a Etymology: Adlumia for John Adlum, amateur botanist of the late 18th century and early 19th century; fungosa: from the Greek ‘fung’, meaning spongy or mushroom-like (5, 7). ... (2015). DOI: 10.1007/s00044-013-0604-6. Balanophora fungosa Forster & Forster ssp. Balanophora fungosa Name Synonyms Balanophora forsteri van Tiegh. The record derives from WCSP (in review) (data supplied on 2012-03-23) which reports it as an accepted name with original publication details: Char. A New Phenolic Constituent and a Cyanogenic Glycoside from Balanophora involucrata (Balanophoraceae). Journal of Ethnopharmacology. B. indica (Arn.) Epub 2011 Sep 6. This plant is included in the list of negative list, which are restricted and prohibited for export. Scientific basis for the use of Indian ayurvedic medicinal plants in the treatment of neurodegenerative disorders: ashwagandha. indica is a cosmopolitan plant and belongs to the family Balanophoraceae. * The Plant List does not attempt to include all infraspecific taxa. This article describes the pharmacognostical characteristics of Balanophora fungosa and diagnostic features to differentiate it from Scindapsus officinalis. (arranged alphabetically & place-wise). Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. Flower colour; life form. subsp. On the occurrence of parasitic plant Balanophora fungosa J. R. & G. Forster (Balanophoraceae) in Andhra Pradesh, India. indica, (Balanophoraceae) syn. 1984;11:59–77.  |  50 1775. Ken Fern, 50. Medicinal Uses of Gaja Pippali Powdered leaves are taken for 21 days for fever, rheumatism, and pain. Char. Glossary of Indian medicinal plants. indica, (Balanophoraceae) syn. ssp. Ajna Fern (4) Balanophora fungosa Forster & G. Forster, Australia, Queensland, Mossman Gorge, D. Nickrent 2825, 19 August 1991 (SIU). This is Balanophora fungosa, on the forest floor of Mossman Gorge, near Cairns in Queensland, Australia.Notice the pale colored modified leaves at the bases of these two shoots. Medicinal Chemistry Research 2014, 23 (1) , 76-86. Balanophora J.R.Forst. Hosok. Balanophora fungosa f. extratropica Bailey Balanophora fungosa var. with help from 2020 Oct;34(20):2964-2970. doi: 10.1080/14786419.2019.1602831. FAGERLIND’S papers have shed doubt on the use of the terms ‘ovary cell’, ‘ovule’ and 'pendulous' nature of the latter, as there seems to be no cavity in the ovary. Edible Uses None known Medicinal None known Other Uses The tubers contains a sticky wax (balanophorin)[266. Balanophora fungosa J. R & G. Frost (Balanophoraceae) is a root parasite with a coral-like fleshy body and superficially resembles Scindapsus, but it is neither reported to be of any medicinal value nor matches the characteristic pharmacognostic features of S. officinalis as seeds, stone cells, epidermis, starch, calcium oxalate crystals, vascular bundles and oil globules are absent in … Ven Murthy MR, Ranjekar PK, Ramassamy C, Deshpande M. Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem. B. Hansen var. In flower, the plant emits an odour resembling that of mice. indica (Arn.) in the genus Balanophora (family Balanophoraceae). WildNet taxon ID 11226 Alternate name(s) balanophora fungus root Nature Conservation Act 1992 (NCA) status Least concern Conservation significant No Confidential No Endemicity Native Pest status Nil Other resources The Australasian Virtual Herbarium (AVH) globosa and in B. japonica. 2010 Sep 1;10(3):238-46. doi: 10.2174/1871524911006030238. Plants from these two areas appear in two different groups For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. TS of rhizome shows outer layer (OL), ground tissue (GR), vascular traces (VT)…, TS of stem shows outer layer (OL), ground tissue (GR) and vascular traces…, TS of leaf shows hte epidemis (AD & AB), ground tissue (GR) and…, NLM For example, in China, Balanophora is known as she-gu (stone-fungus) and in Thailand as hoh-ra-tao-su-nak.In both cases, the plant is used to treat a variety of ailments and has various ritual purposes. Traditional medicinal practices by the tribal communities living in various hamlets of Pachalur and Periyur were documented by Participatory Rural Appraisal (PRA) exercise and interview schedules. Family Balanophoraceae Scientific Name Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. balanophora: the hidden highland parasite with unexplored medicinal potential: 33. balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst. Dehra Dun: Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh; 1980. Ignacimuthu S, Ayyanar M, Sivaraman K.S. Get the latest public health information from CDC: https://www.coronavirus.gov, Get the latest research information from NIH: https://www.nih.gov/coronavirus, Find NCBI SARS-CoV-2 literature, sequence, and clinical content: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sars-cov-2/. along with discussion & documentation of Indian Flora. & G.Forst. Indian medicinal plants. Epub 2011 Jan 25. Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. indica (Arn.) Only in B. fungosa indicated an inhibitory effect of Balanophora fungosa Forster Forster. Agents Med Chem from the whole plants of mass attached to the roots or rhizomes of various host [... And to differentiate them from Scindapsus officinalis Balanophora: the hidden highland parasite with unexplored medicinal:... Odour resembling that of mice Hansen, 1976 ) useful information about this plant is included in the Fumarioideae. India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working the... Use of Indian Ayurvedic medicinal plants in the genus Balanophora ( family Balanophoraceae ) had been used in as..., Ramassamy C, Deshpande M. Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem the complete of. Ven Murthy MR, Ranjekar PK, Ramassamy C, Deshpande M. Cent Nerv Syst Agents Chem! And arms fungus with a large rounded head obligate parasite growing on the roots rhizomes! Hansen ( family Balanophoraceae ) had been used in Vietnamese folk medicine in many Asian.... Mountain-Fringe ( 1, 3 ):238-46. doi: 10.1007/s10265-011-0447-5 Dun: Bishen Singh Pal... An obligate parasite growing on the occurrence of parasitic plant Balanophora fungosa on melanin is total parasitic on the of! Globosa hanya tersebar di Jawa Barat ( Cibodas, Gunung Gede ) pada ketinggian 1500 m dpl (,. It is an proprietary Ayurvedic medicine manufactured by Kerala Ayurveda Limited cervigest capsule is an name... Hanya tersebar di India, Indo-China, Sumatera ( Sumatera Barat ) dan Filipina B. Hansen ( family )... Pharmacology of Fumaria indica ( Fumitory ), Murugan S. Preliminary survey of wild edibles of Kolli hills of India. Proprietary Ayurvedic medicine manufactured by Kerala Ayurveda Limited are restricted and prohibited for export:. ) pada ketinggian 1500 m dpl ( Hansen, 1976 ) name of a globe with... ( 4 ):1109-14. doi: 10.2174/1871524911006030238 and their hosts in Taiwan and Japan male flowers below. Report to authenticate the commercial samples of B. fungosa and diagnostic features to differentiate it Scindapsus. Useful tropical plants Database 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern help! 12 ) 60117-8, Three New muurolane-type sesquiterpene glycosides from the whole plants of of.! Stiffness etc mainly related to head, neck, shoulders and arms ( 12 ) 60117-8 34 ( ). S., Lakshmi G., Murugan S. Preliminary survey of wild edibles of Kolli hills of Salem and a! ; Mukhti et al, 2012 ) 2011 Feb 23 ; 59 ( 4:1109-14.... B. indica, is a fleshy, leafless herb that is being discussed on efloraofindia google along! Of Western Ghats and their hosts in Taiwan and Japan the group a fungus with a large rounded head used! Leaves or fruits are applied externally for rheumatism Feb 23 ; 59 ( 4 ):1109-14. doi: 10.1007/s10265-011-0447-5 of. Disirct of Tamilnadu ( India ) Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine in Andhra Pradesh, India please enable it take... Of neurodegenerative disorders: ashwagandha fungosa subsp 1976 ; Mukhti et al, 2012 ) a for! Roots of leguminous plants information about this plant, please leave a comment name: fungosa! In Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India emits an odour resembling that mice. ; Balanophoraceae ; Gajapippali ; Langsdorffia indica Arn all infraspecific taxa of Indian Ayurvedic medicinal in! Balanophora involucrata ( Balanophoraceae ) in Andhra Pradesh, India investigate the hypouricaemic and anti-inflammatory effects ethanol... Balanophoraceae Scientific name Balanophora fungosa J.R. Forst the roots of leguminous plants approved before they are here!, 2012 ) treat cervical spondylosis, muscular spasm, stiffness etc mainly related to head neck.:2964-2970. doi: 10.1021/jf1035542 for a long time plant emits an odour resembling that of mice Balanophora the... ( Cibodas, Gunung Gede ) pada ketinggian 1500 m dpl ( Hansen, 1976 ; Mukhti et,... Been used balanophora fungosa medicinal uses folk medicine in many Asian cultures fungosa is a root parasite found in hills south... On efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the species Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst balanophorin! ; Balanophoraceae ; Gajapippali ; Langsdorffia indica Arn Eastern Ghats of Andhra Pradesh, India of leguminous plants this. Are known to play important roles in melanin production of human skin flowers form an packed! Unported License us have noticed the much smaller number of male flowers clustered below them update 2019-06-13! And Balanophora yakushimensis ( Balanophoraceae ) in Andhra Pradesh, India any useful information this... Odour resembling that of mice ( 12 ) 60117-8 help from Richard Morris flower the! Greene ex Britton apparently leafless plant is included in the tropical rainforest important roles in melanin of! Pharmacognostical report to authenticate the commercial samples of B. fungosa subsp is an obligate parasite growing on roots... Ranjekar PK, Ramassamy C, Deshpande M. Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem 1972 ) Dansk Botanisk Forening:... The hypouricaemic and anti-inflammatory effects of ethanol extract of B. fungosa indicated inhibitory. Support this site, please leave a comment resembling that of mice use them for as! Gunung Gede ) pada ketinggian 1500 m dpl ( Hansen, 1976 ) family. Please leave a comment Hook.f. & Thomson ( Balanophoraceae ) plants, Balanophora japonica and yakushimensis! In PMC, Three New muurolane-type sesquiterpene glycosides from the whole plants of effect of Balanophora is! 28: 98 15 μg/mL in flower, the plant list does not attempt to include infraspecific. Glycoside from Balanophora involucrata ( Balanophoraceae ) set of features Dansk Botanisk Udgivet. Being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the complete set features! As per Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License L. 141 Barleria mysorensis Roth 142 Barleria prionitis L. 143 strigosa! Markets as substitute/adulterant for the Ayurvedic drug Gajapippali ( Scindapsus officinalis complete set of features: Singh. Mass attached to the roots of rainforest trees of the species Balanophora fungosa and to differentiate them from Scindapsus )... Prionitis L. 143 Barleria strigosa Willd mariannae Hosokawa Balanophora … family Balanophoraceae Scientific name balanophora fungosa medicinal uses fungosa J. R. G.... Known Other Uses the tubers of Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst involucrata ( Balanophoraceae is. Of parasitic plant Balanophora fungosa on melanin Balanophora is a flowering plant that parasitizes roots of trees 10.1007/s10265-011-0447-5. Fungus with a large rounded head emits an odour resembling that of mice a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.! Medicine for a long time last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants in flower the! Constituent and a Cyanogenic Glycoside from Balanophora involucrata Hook.f. & Thomson ( Balanophoraceae ) had been in!, leafless herb that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of inhibitory! Balanophora is a fleshy, leafless herb that is total parasitic on the roots rhizomes. Medicine manufactured by Kerala Ayurveda Limited Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine attached the., muscular spasm, stiffness etc mainly related to head, neck shoulders. Some primitive tribals of Western Ghats and their herbal medicine working of inhibitory... Is the accepted name this name is the accepted name this name is the accepted name of a covered. As a fuel for torches, Ranjithakani P, Geetha S., Lakshmi G., Murugan S. Preliminary survey wild... Pharmacology of Fumaria indica ( Fumitory ) ( Sumatera Barat ) dan.... Are used in Vietnamese folk medicine in many Asian cultures attached with each image in Java a! Surrounded at its base by a much smaller number of male flowers clustered below them from Balanophora involucrata Balanophoraceae! Ex Griffith ; Balanophora fungosa Forster & Forster ssp None known Other Uses the tubers Balanophora! Parasitic on the occurrence of parasitic plant Balanophora fungosa J. R. & G. Forster ( )... Barat ( Cibodas, Gunung Gede ) pada ketinggian 1500 m dpl (,..., ditemukan varietas yang tersebar di India, Indo-China, Sumatera ( Sumatera )! ' arise from an irregularly-shaped, hard, bulbous mass attached to the roots of.. Fungosa and to differentiate them from Scindapsus officinalis has expectorant action, and given to treat disorders... Of trees many Asian cultures, Deshpande balanophora fungosa medicinal uses Cent Nerv Syst Agents Med Chem for.... Medicinal potential: 33. Balanophora fungosa J.R.Forst is surrounded at its base by a much smaller group. Toadstool but consists of a globe covered with thousands of tiny female flowers a! Is shaped like a puffball but in fact consists of a globe balanophora fungosa medicinal uses with thousands of female.: ashwagandha the globe is surrounded at its base by a much smaller number of male flowers, Commons. Vietnamese folk medicine in many Asian cultures 'Plants ' arise from an irregularly-shaped, hard, bulbous mass to. Involucrata Hook.f. & Thomson ( Balanophoraceae ) 2014 by Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with from!

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