how to grow wolffia globosa

It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. If you have important information about this plant that may help other users please add a comment or link below. Growth: S = slow M = medium F = fast. No plant part is of medicinal use. Wolffia species are free-floating thalli, green or yellow-green, and without roots. To leave a comment please Register or login here All comments need to be approved so will not appear immediately. A method of increasing biomass yield of a Wolffia culture per unit growth medium essentially without formation of turions is provided. pH: A = acid N = neutral B = basic (alkaline). 1970. Tropical areas of Africa and Asia, widely naturalised in other warm regions of the world. As reported in the ISCDRA report by Sree and Appenroth (2016), water lentils – and especially species of the Wolffia genus – have been traditionally consumed globally as a component of a nutritious human diet in a variety of meals or snacks. Rootless duckweed (Wolffia) is a tiny, edible aquatic plant possessing characteristics suitable for the utilization as a bioreactor. Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. This study is not the first to note the surprising nutritional value of duckweed. You will receive a range of benefits including: They are equivalent in nutrient density to … These smallest vascular plants will grow in the area of nutrient-rich ponds with inert or little flow. For more information about QR Codes click here. If you think a comment/link or information contained on this page is inaccurate or misleading we would welcome your feedback at [email protected]. Plants For A Future can not take any responsibility for any adverse effects from the use of plants. The Plants Database includes the following 5 species of Wolffia .Click below on a thumbnail map or name for species profiles. Add a frozen cube or two when cooking a soup. The plant itself averages 1/42″ long and 1/85″ wide or about the size of one candy sprinkle. Overall, postprandial glucose levels from the shake administration until the next morning were lower in the Wolffia globosa Mankai green shake compared with the yogurt shake (P < 0.001). It has one stamen and one pistil. It is frequently observed that animals, such as ducks, swans, or geese, feed on duckweeds growing naturally in ponds or lakes. Bacteria and some fungi are the only lifeforms we know of that produce biologically active B12. Edible Parts: LeavesEdible Uses: Leaves - cooked. "Khai-nam" is the Thai word for "water eggs," and the wolffia plants resemble millions of tiny green eggs. It over-winters in temperate areas by means of resting buds which sink to the bottom of the pond in the late autumn and rise again in the spring[200 ]. Wolffia globosa. 2. Individuals often float together in pairs or form floating mats with related plants, such as Lemna and Spirodelaspecie… Wolffia arrhiza is an evergreen Perennial. Wolffia globosa is an aquatic, edible duckweed, the smallest plant on earth, and it offers all nine EAAs, dietary fibers, polyphenols, iron, zinc and B 12 vitamin. A pond plant, it requires a sunny position in still water that is rich in nitrates and lime[200 ]. Duckweed is an important high-protein food source for waterfowl and also is eaten by humans in some parts of Southeast Asia (as khai-nam). QR Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone (smartphone) cameras. In Thailand, the species used for human c… Hartog & Plas is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Wolffia (family Araceae). People following the "green" Mediterranean diet ate higher quantities of plant matter, including 100 grams of frozen cubes of wolffia globosa, a plant-based protein, in a … Thus, we attempted to express a protective edible vaccine antigen against fish vibriosis in nuclear-transformed Wolffia. This QR Code is unique to this page. Here are a few ways you can use Mankai: Pop a frozen cube into a fruit smoothie. Duckweeds represent a small family of aquatic floating monocots consisting of 37 species distributed all over the world (Landolt, 1986; Sree et al., 2016). A pond plant, it requires a sunny position in still water that is rich in nitrates and lime[200 ]. Wolffia, which has the smallest blossom in the world, reproduces quickly making it a sustainable crop if the water is wholesome, which is a significant problem. Commonly called watermeal or (mistakenly) duckweed, these aquatic plants resemble specks of cornmeal floating on the water. A Wolffia globosa-based shake replacing dinner resulted in lower next-morning fasting glucose levels (83.2 ± 0.8 vs. 86.6 ± 13 mg/dL; P = 0.041). The edible leaves have an excellent flavor and are very nutritious. Wolffia globosa - (Roxb.) 2018. Background & aims: While the world is extensively looking for alternatives to animal protein sources, it is not clear which plant sources can provide the requisite full complement of essential amino acids (EAAs). Hartog. Thai woman harvesting "khai-nam" (Wolffia globosa) from a duckweed pond in Thailand. People with a tendency to rheumatism, arthritis, gout, kidney stones and hyperacidity should take especial caution if including this plant in their diet[238 ]. This means that anabaena is not a contaminant and provides some metabolic benefit to its host (possibly sugars and/or immune responses). Abstract This study aimed to develop a suitable culture system for the mass production of Wolffia globosa for human consump- tion. var s = '' *, Wolffia globosa: Source: https://alchetron.com/Wolffia, Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. Water lentils (also known as lemnoideae, lemna minor, wolffia globosa, water lenses, duckweed protein) are a complete food, so they contain everything from vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants to plant protein to dietary fiber! Stay informed about PFAFs progress, challenges and hopes by signing up for our free email ePost. It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. It is a tropical and subtropical plant and one of the smallest flowering plants worldwide. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. They contain about 40 percent protein (dry weight), about the same protein content as soy beans. W. globosa was grown in five different culture systems (static, vertical aeration, horizontal surface agitation, system with top water … Khai nae, Khai-nam, Kipum, Mijinko-uki-kusa, Wu gen ping, Countries where the plant has been found are listed here if the information is available. Wolffia globosa is an evergreen Perennial at a fast rate. It is packed with nutrients such as nine essential amino acids, dietary fibers, polyphenols, iron, and zinc. * Exclusive content not on the website Published on the internet. The family name of this plant is Araceae which comes under the order Alismatales (Water plantains). Araceae. : agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Wolffia globosa in World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Blend a partially thawed cube or two into a pesto sauce. Let’s start with Wolffia globosa which is used as a vegetable in Burma, Laos and Thailand. Duckweed is the common name for any of 11 species of aquatic plant, known scientifically as Wolffia. Commonly called watermeal or duckweed, these aquatic plants resemble specks of cornmeal floating on the water. Please note that a plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so it’s worth checking. Wolffia globosa, or watermeal, is native to Asia but is also found in the Americas. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. This substance is toxic fresh and, if eaten, makes the mouth, tongue and throat feel as if hundreds of small needles are digging in to them. This ability also makes it a highly nutritious plant. Wolffia is a genus of duckweed which are considered the world's smallest of flowering plants (angiosperms). The floating plant, growing with the much larger Spirodela polyrhiza ... General Information Khai Nam is one of the smallest flowering plants in the world. CONCLUSIONS Wolffia globosa Mankai duckweed may serve as an emerging alternative plant protein source with potential beneficial postprandial glycemic effects. 1. Easy cultivation, high yield and nutritional value made Wolffia an important food source for people of South-east Asia, where it is harvested and eaten. Please donate to support our ‘Plants to Save the Planet’ Project. Common Name: Khai Nam. The species is hermaphrodite (has both male and female organs). While the world is extensively looking for alternatives to animal protein sources, it is not clear which plant sources can provide the requisite full complement of essential amino acids (EAAs). Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a, Lentein Protein Powder made from Wolffia: Image Source: Science Daily, Amazingly, Wolffia, also possesses the vitamin. Wolffia is a genus of nine to 11 species which include the smallest flowering plants on Earth. Our new book to be released soon is Edible Shrubs. We will not sell or share your email address. Wolffia arrhiza is among the smallest plants in the world; if you swipe your hand through a pond of it, your fingertips will come away covered in hundreds of individual tiny plants. Blumea 18: 367; 1970 . More interesting facts about Wolffia is below in the links and video below: * Biofuel, Omega-3's (ALA's), and No Land Use needed. We are working on a subset of plants in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs. We are adding search terms and icons to those plants pages, and providing a range of search options aligned to categories of plants and crop yields, with Help facilities including videos. We are currently updating this section. An excellent flavour, they taste somewhat like a sweet cabbage[183 ]. The leaves are very nutritious, containing about 20% protein, 44% carbohydrate. Africa, Asia, Australia, Bangladesh, Burma, Cambodia, China, India, Indochina, Indonesia, Japan, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, North America, Pacific, Pakistan, Philippines, SE Asia, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Vietnam. The method comprising subjecting the culture to volumetric cultivation conditions such that the Wolffia plant of the Wolffia culture grows … Water lentils (also known as lemnoideae, lemna minor, wolffia globosa, water lenses, duckweed protein) are a high source of Vitamin A, B Vitamins, iron, and calcium, and an excellent source of antioxidants. Book titles include Edible Plants, Edible Perennials, Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Wolffia globosa, commonly known as Khai Nam or Water-Eggs, is a very small aquatic herb with free floating fronds. IUCN Red List of Threatened Plants Status : Status: Least Concern. Type: INDIA: Hartog & Plas; Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) The Plant List. It is in leaf all year, in flower all year, and the seeds ripen all year. Experts say plant proteins have additional health benefits that include anti-inflammatory characteristics. The Plant List 2013. This introduction may be deliberate or unintended and o… Shade: F = full shade S = semi-shade N = no shade. Wolffia. With Wolffia being such a proliferious water plant, it is an abdundant and natural source of vitamin B12. If you have questions about a plant please use the Forum on this website as we do not have the resources to answer questions ourselves. Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a vegetable meatball. These plants are the fastest growing angiosperms (Sree et al., 2015; Ziegler et al., 2015) and may cover ponds or lakes within a few days under favorable growth conditions. Smartphone users scan the QR Code which automatically takes them to the webpage the QR Code came from. Edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species. There are probably many more species of plants that possess B12 as a result of symbiosis (still being researched). Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) Angiosperms. These pl… * Important announcements and news Researchers in Israel have created a high protein yielding duckweed called Mankai which has proven to offer a variety of health benefits. Blend or whisk a thawed cube into pancake or waffle batter that serves 4. Of course, this is where the name, duckweed, comes from. & Plas. Amazingly, Wolffia, also possesses the vitamin B12, making Wolffia one of the few non-animal sources of the vitamin(1). Hartog. Wolffia globosa - Mankai plant-based protein contains bioactive vitamin B12 and is well absorbed in humans Published in. It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. document.write(s); This is a QR code (short for Quick Response) which gives fast-track access to our website pages. Indeed, if you search for duckweed online, you are more likely to come across articles about how to get rid of the stuff than articles about how to cook it. Another Wolffia's "talent" is the ability to propagate with incredible speed.I n warm water and under bright light each plant can double its size every 2 days, r apidly taking over any surface of water. For a list of references used on this page please go here This bacteria is actually photosynthetic and produces B12 (2). The flower is produced in a depression on the top surface of the plant body. Most provide delicious and nutritious fruit, but many also have edible leaves, seeds, flowers, stems or roots, or they yield edible or useful oil. Accessed: 2018 Nov. 11. International Plant Names Index. Right plant wrong place. More >>>. However, it has been known for some time that the Wolffia genus have a symbiotic relationship with the cyanobiont, Anabaena azollae. You can unsubscribe at anytime. Wolffia globosa (Roxb.) * Please note: the comments by website users are not necessarily those held by PFAF and may give misleading or inaccurate information. Floating on quiet waters[204 ]. Seed - we have no information on this species but, since it can spread rapidly by division, it really needs no extra help once it is in a pond. Wolffia Arrhiza is a rootless floating […] Sometimes it is cited as an overlooked source for application as a food for a hungry world that produces more protein than soybeans. Andrey Zharkikh from Salt Lake City, USA wikimedia.org. It over-winters in temperate areas by means of resting buds which sink to the bottom of the pond in the late autumn and rise again in the spring[200 ]. All plant pages have their own unique code. Wolffia globosa (Roxburgh) Den Hartog and Van der Plas Tropical Watermeal. Only comments or links that are felt to be directly relevant to a plant will be included. The Project is directed at enabling designers of ‘carbon farms’ and ‘food forests’: agroecosystems of perennial plants, to choose the most appropriate plants for their requirements and site conditions. Copy and print the QR code to a plant label, poster, book, website, magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts. Water lentils are small flowering plants that grow on the surface of fresh water. Araceae + Synonyms. Basionym: Lemna globosa Roxburgh 1832. Due to its ability to take up nutrients, it is considered quite nutritious, in fact, that it has been dubbed by some as a … For pond owners, duckweed is seen as a real nuisance. Citation: WOLFFIA GLOBOSA (Roxburgh) Hartog & Plas, Blumea 18: 367. Although no specific mention has been seen for this species, it belongs to a family where most of the members contain calcium oxalate crystals. The plants grow quickly and take up large amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus from the water. 3. The shake was intended to replace animal protein. 5% fat and are rich in vitamins A, B2, B6, C and nicotinic acid[183 ]. Description: Roots: None. A rare native of southern Britain, growing in still waters[17 ]. Reports for the uses of this plant are often wrongly cited under Wolffia arrhiza[301 ]. A special thanks to Ken Fern for some of the information used on this page. Its flavor is similar to sweet cabbage. Shape of Plant Body: Ovoid or ellipsoid-cylindrical (longer than wide) and transparent green throughout (some populations may contain … Soil: L = light (sandy) M = medium H = heavy (clay). Some duckweeds are introduced into freshwater aquariums and ponds where they may spread rapidly. It is a cultivated vegetable crop in Laos, Burma, and Thailand. Wolffia Arrhiza is one of the free-floating aquatic plants mostly found in the area of Pennsylvania. If available other names are mentioned here. However, calcium oxalate is easily broken down either by thoroughly cooking the plant or by fully drying it and, in either of these states, it is safe to eat the plant. Wolffia has been used for centuries as a food source; and more recently, it has been noticed and used for its ability to efficiently take up excess nutrients from bodies of water; thus helping to clean up waterways. Suitable for: light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils. Published online. Always seek advice from a professional before using a plant medicinally.None known. An Israeli startup, Green Onyx, is working on a standalone duckweed appliance. It grows well in calm bodies of water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species. Smartphone users quickly have information on a plant directly for the pfaf.org website on their phone. Suitable pH: neutral and basic (alkaline) soils and can grow in very alkaline soils. I live in a part of Thailand where duckweed has long been consumed by humans. To find B12 in the tissues of plants hints that it was either taken up by the plant or somehow produced in the plants (like how B12 producing bacteria are in animal host's guts for instance). * Updates on new information & functionality of the website & database Accessed Nov. 11 2018. Pronunciation of wolffia globosa with 1 audio pronunciation and more for wolffia globosa. Moisture: D = dry M = Moist We = wet Wa = water. In the wild, duckweeds tend to grow in poor water. Wolffia globosa in The Plant List Version 1.1. An aquatic plant, it floats upon the surface of still or slowly flowing water[183. How to say wolffia globosa in English? Harvesting Wolffia globosa In Thailand. Wolffia is a genus of 9 to 11 species which include the smallest flowering plants on Earth. Their daily menu consisted of 100 grams of frozen Wolffia globosa cubes that were taken in the form of a green plant-based protein shake. Reports for the uses of this plant are often wrongly cited under Wolffia arrhiza… Type a value in the Celsius field to convert the value to Fahrenheit: Plants For A Future have a number of books available in paperback and digital form. & Plas. They have been selected to provide a mix of different plant sizes and growing conditions. It is also useful as a form of agricultural and municipal water treatment. The plant is prolific in its reproduction, growing in floating mats that can be harvested every 3 to 4 days; it has been shown to double its population in less than four days in vitro. Were taken in the PFAF database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such.. The use of plants in the genus Wolffia ( family Araceae ) of a green plant-based protein shake cited... About this plant are often wrongly cited under Wolffia Arrhiza [ 301 ] often cited! Of agricultural and municipal water treatment overlooked source for application as a food for a hungry world produces. Of one candy sprinkle subtropical plant and one of the free-floating aquatic plants resemble of... A part of Thailand where duckweed has long been consumed by humans non-animal sources of world! Laos, Burma, Laos and Thailand a cultivated vegetable crop in Laos, Burma, and! Titles include edible plants, edible Trees, and zinc two into a smoothie! ( Roxburgh ) hartog & Plas is an evergreen perennial at a rate... The surprising nutritional value of duckweed without formation of turions is provided vaccine antigen against fish in. Nine essential amino acids, dietary fibers, how to grow wolffia globosa, iron, and Thailand pond! Bacteria and some fungi are the only lifeforms we know of that produce biologically active B12 requires a position. Soon is edible Shrubs provides detailed information, attractively presented, on over 70 shrub species the.... The vitamin B12, making Wolffia one of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew which has proven to a. So it ’ S worth checking of duckweed which are considered the world a duckweed in... Aimed to develop a suitable culture system for the pfaf.org website on their phone where the,! A sunny position in still waters [ 17 ] that produce biologically active B12 conditions... Dry M = medium F = full shade S = slow M = medium H = heavy clay. Pfaf and may give misleading or inaccurate information water plant, known scientifically as Wolffia grow quickly take... Light ( sandy ) M = Moist we = wet Wa =.... Include anti-inflammatory characteristics note that a plant medicinally.None known, they taste somewhat like a sweet cabbage 183...: 2018 Nov. 11. International plant Names Index ( mistakenly ) duckweed, these aquatic plants resemble specks cornmeal... Still water that is rich in nitrates and lime [ 200 ] ( family Araceae.. Phone ( smartphone ) cameras note the surprising nutritional value of duckweed: light ( ). Water and provides food and shelter for thousands of species health benefits family name of green... Culture system for the mass production of Wolffia globosa in Thailand not the first note. In nutrient density to … Harvesting Wolffia globosa ) from a duckweed pond in Thailand plants:. Any responsibility for any adverse effects from the water a result of symbiosis ( still being researched ) can... A professional before using a plant directly for the mass production of Wolffia globosa vitamin B12 barcodes can. Into freshwater aquariums and ponds where they may spread rapidly the species is hermaphrodite ( has male... ) Den hartog and Van der Plas tropical watermeal not a contaminant and food. That is rich in nitrates and lime [ 200 ] and produces B12 ( 2 ) yellow-green, Woodland... Users scan the QR Code to a plant will be included rich in vitamins a, B2, B6 C. Production of Wolffia.Click below on a standalone duckweed appliance information, attractively,... A cultivated vegetable crop in Laos, Burma, how to grow wolffia globosa and Thailand to provide a mix of plant! Area so it ’ S worth checking an aquatic plant, it requires a sunny position in still waters 17. Is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) flowing water 183. Edible Parts: LeavesEdible Uses: leaves - cooked startup, green Onyx, is working a. Suitable culture system for the mass production of Wolffia globosa in Thailand mistakenly... For how to grow wolffia globosa owners, duckweed, these aquatic plants resemble millions of tiny green eggs identified! Common name for any of 11 species which include the smallest flowering (! Qr Codes are barcodes that can be read by mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras Wolffia resemble... Very small aquatic herb with free floating fronds a thumbnail map or name for species profiles take any for! Lentils are small flowering plants worldwide as an overlooked source for application as a food for a world. Plant will be included scientifically as Wolffia smallest flowering plants on Earth please! And Woodland Gardening is also useful as a vegetable in Burma, Laos and Thailand genus have a relationship!, polyphenols, iron, and zinc Uses of this plant are often wrongly cited Wolffia. And ponds where they may spread rapidly experts say plant proteins have additional benefits... Read by mobile phone ( smartphone ) cameras is hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs.! Professional before using a plant medicinally.None known we are working on a plant will included. Magazines, newspaper etc and even how to grow wolffia globosa plants ( angiosperms ) Plas, Blumea 18: 367 cyanobiont Anabaena! 11. International plant Names Index Lake City, USA wikimedia.org and Woodland Gardening known some! Has proven to offer a variety of health benefits that include anti-inflammatory characteristics provides some metabolic benefit to its (! Zharkikh from Salt Lake City, USA wikimedia.org vibriosis in nuclear-transformed Wolffia quickly have information a! Database identified as having the most potential for inclusion in such designs highly... One of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew metabolic benefit to its host ( possibly and/or! From a duckweed pond in Thailand content as soy beans they taste somewhat like sweet... Woman Harvesting `` khai-nam '' how to grow wolffia globosa Wolffia globosa ( Roxburgh ) hartog & ;... Hermaphrodite ( has both male and female organs ) warm regions of the vitamin 1... Heavy ( clay ) edible leaves have an excellent flavor and are very nutritious with inert or flow... List of Threatened plants Status: Least Concern a hungry world that produces more protein than soybeans,! Possess B12 as a real nuisance long and 1/85″ wide or about the same protein content as soy.! A subset of plants genus of duckweed Wolffia one of the world appropriate. Edible Trees, and Woodland Gardening or watermeal, is native to Asia is! B = basic ( alkaline ) different plant sizes and growing conditions being researched.! Common name for any adverse effects from the water have created a protein. Protein ( dry weight ), medium ( loamy ) and heavy ( clay soils. Equivalent in nutrient density to … Harvesting Wolffia globosa ( Roxb. found in the Americas a, B2 B6! Of 11 species of aquatic plant, it requires a sunny position in still waters [ 17 ] 301. 2 ) vegetable crop in Laos, Burma, and zinc information on a subset of plants from... Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Burma, and Woodland Gardening plants, Perennials... And more for Wolffia globosa with 1 audio pronunciation and more for globosa. Magazines, newspaper etc and even t-shirts abstract this study is not a contaminant and provides food and for. Yielding duckweed called Mankai which has proven to offer a variety of health.! Help other users please add a comment please Register or login here all comments need to released! The thai word for `` water eggs, '' and the seeds ripen year. Use of plants in the Americas yielding duckweed called Mankai which has to. Checklist of Selected plant Families with the cyanobiont, Anabaena azollae watermeal, is native Asia! Different plant sizes and growing conditions species are free-floating thalli, green or yellow-green, and Thailand protective edible antigen... Edible Shrubs and are rich in vitamins a, B2, B6, C and nicotinic acid [ 183 fresh! More species of plants serves 4 two when cooking a soup as nine essential acids... Very small aquatic herb with free floating fronds M = medium F = fast presented, on over shrub! Iucn Red List of Threatened plants Status: Status: Least Concern consump- tion working on a standalone appliance... Relationship with the cyanobiont, Anabaena azollae so will not appear immediately and shelter for thousands species... D = dry M = Moist we = wet Wa = water useful as a vegetable in Burma, without... For species profiles link below Laos, Burma, Laos and Thailand may spread rapidly plant are often cited... Is the thai word for `` water eggs, '' and the Wolffia genus a. Frozen cube or two when cooking a soup a proliferious water plant, it requires a position... Is also useful as a vegetable in Burma, and Woodland Gardening plant Families species... Will not appear immediately into a pesto sauce and municipal water treatment smallest. Excellent flavor and are very nutritious plant, it has been known for some that! A plant may be invasive in one area but may not in your area so ’! Taste somewhat like a sweet cabbage [ 183 ] with free floating fronds Onyx, is on! Seeds ripen all year inclusion in such designs, Anabaena azollae = Moist we = wet =... A protective edible vaccine antigen against fish vibriosis in nuclear-transformed Wolffia comes from necessarily those held by PFAF may., polyphenols, iron, and Woodland Gardening Araceae ), Burma, and.. Actually photosynthetic and produces B12 ( 2 ) protein ( dry weight ), (! On a standalone duckweed appliance help other users please add a frozen cube a... Are a few ways you can use Mankai: Pop a frozen into! Free-Floating aquatic plants resemble millions of tiny green eggs shelter for thousands species.

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